Learn

Read more about the peanut nutrition, advances and industry resources used to compile the report.

home page

Mekonnen, M. & Hoestra, A. (2010). The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products. University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, Twente Water Centre. Deltf: UNESCO – IHE Institute for Water Education

wellness

Heart Disease and Longevity – Bao Y, Han J, Hu F, et. al. Association of Nut Consumption with Total and Cause-Specific Mortality. N Engl J Med. 2013;369:2001-11. DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa1307352.

Diabetes – Rui Jiang, MD; JoAnn E. Manson, MD; Meir J. Stampfer, MD; et al. Nut and Peanut Butter Consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Women. JAMA. 2002;288(20):2554-2560. doi:10.1001/jama.288.20.2554.

Obesity – Freisling H, Hwayoung N, Slimani N, et al. Nut intake and 5-year changes in body weight and obesity risk in adults: results from the EPIC-PANACEA study. Eur J Nutr. 2017. DOI: 10.1007/s00394-017-1513-0).

Folate-deficiency anemia – MedlinePlus.
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000551.htm. Updated November 6, 2017. Accessed November 17, 2017.

Magnesium. National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Magnesium-HealthProfessional/. Updated February 11, 2016. Accessed November 30, 2017.

Copper in diet. MedlinePlus. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002419.htm. Updated November 6, 2017. Accessed November 30, 2017.

Phosphorus in diet. MedlinePlus. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002424.htm. Updated November 6, 2017. Accessed November 30, 2017.

Niacin. MedlinePlus. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002409.htm. Updated November 6, 2017. Accessed November 30, 2017.

Vitamin E. National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminE-HealthProfessional/#h3. Updated November 3, 2016. Accessed November 17, 2017.

environment

Mekonnen, M. & Hoestra, A. (2010). The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products. University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, Twente Water Centre. Deltf: UNESCO – IHE Institute for Water Education

innovation

Deloitte – Capitalizing on the shifting consumer food value equation (PDF)

National Peanut Board – History of Peanuts and Peanut Butter

USDA Agricultural Research Service – Peanut Biodiesel

US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health – Application of proanthocyanidins from peanut skins as a natural yeast inhibitory agent

food safety

USDA – Peanut Standards Board – 2002 Farm Bill Provisions (PDF)

World Food Programme – WFP says hunger kills more than AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis combined

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs – World population projected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States – The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015 (PDF)

U.S. Government Publishing Office – Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (PDF)

Project Peanut Butter – Ghana

DuToit G, Roberts G, Sayre PH, Bahnson HT, Radulovic S, Santos AF, et al. Randomized trial of peanut consumption in infants at risk for peanut allergy. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:803-13.

community

National Peanut Board – Peanut Country, U.S.A.

Ghana Statistical Service – Ghana Living Standards Survey Round 6 Labour Force Report (PDF)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States – The role of women in agriculture (PDF)